|Acrylic is a synthetic fabric made from a polymer called acrylonitrile.
|Aertex is a trademark for a brand of loose-weave cotton fabric.
|Bamboo cellulose is used to make all types of rayon, including viscose, modal, and lyocell. These materials are semi-synthetic and require a large amount of chemicals to create.
|Batiste, also known as Cambric or Chambray, is a lightweight cotton (or linen) fabric used for linings, lingerie, and handkerchiefs. Vegan.
|Buckram is a stiff cotton or linen cloth. Used for bookbinding, hats, and in clothing.
|Calico is a cheap, plain-woven textile made from unbleached cotton. Often, the cotton has not been fully-processed.
|Cambric, also known as Chambray or Batiste, is a lightweight cotton (or linen) fabric used for linings, lingerie, and handkerchiefs. Vegan.
|Canvas is a course and durable plain-woven fabric traditionally made from hemp, but now typically made from cotton, linen or PVC.
|Chambray (or Cambric)
|Chambray, also known as Cambric or Batiste, is a lightweight cotton (or linen) fabric used for linings, lingerie, and handkerchiefs. Vegan.
|Chino is a twill fabric. It is typically made from either 100% cotton or cotton-synthetic blend. Vegan.
|Chintz is a brightly printed and glazed cotton fabric.
|Cord (or Corduroy)
|Cord, or Corduoroy, is a textile made from twisted fibers that have been woven into a distinctive cord pattern. Normally made from cotton.
|Cork is made the soft bark of some kinds of oak tree.
|Cotton is made from fibers that surround the seeds of the cotton plant. It is used as both a textile fiber and as a thread for sewing.
|Cretonne is a heavy cotton fabric used for upholstery. Typically printed with a floral pattern.
|Denim (or Jean)
|Denim is a durable cotton textile with distinctive diagonal ribbing. Denim itself is vegan, but jeans sometimes aren't due to leather patches.
|Dimity is a sheer cotton fabric woven with raised stripes or checks. Hard-wearing.
|Duck (or Duck Cloth, or Duck Canvas)
|Duck is a heavy woven cotton cotton fabric which can be used for both clothing and tents.
|Elastane is a synthetic fiber that is stronger and more durable than rubber, while still retaining exceptional elasticity.
|Elastic is a flexible stretchable fabric, typically cotton, nylon or polyester, made with interwoven strands of rubber or elastane.
|Faux-Leather (Leatherette, Vinyl, or Polyurethane)
|Faux-leather is a synthetic fabric that replicates the look of real leather.
|Flannelett is a light cotton fabric that has been designed to imitate flannel.
|Fleece and microfleece are made from PET, a plastic. Not to be confused with the fleece of a sheep or goat.
|Fustian is a cotton and linen fabric. Strong, with a short nap, it is usally dyed in dark colors.
|Gingham is a lightweight plain-woven cotton cloth. Typically produced in a check design mixing white with a bolder color.
|Hemp is a tough fiber harvested from the cannabis plant.
|Khaki is a strong twilled cloth usually made from cotton and linen.
|Lame is a fabric made using a mix of one material (often synthetic) with thin metallic fibers to create a shiny, metallic-looking fabric.
|Leatherette (or Imitation leather)
|Leatherette is an imitation leather made from paper, cloth, synthetics, or other materials.
|Linen is made from the fibers of the flax plant. Cool and fresh in hot weather.
|Lint is a linen or cotton fabric with a raised nap on one side. Commonly used to make bandages.
|Lisle is a fine fabric made from lisle yarn, (a strong, high-twisted yarn made of cotton).
|Lyocell is a type of Rayon made using the Lyocell process. It is a semi-synthetic fabric made using wood or bamboo cellulose.
|Mackintosh (or Macintosh)
|Mackintosh is a lightweight waterproof fabric, usually rubberized.
|Madras is a lightweight fabric made from cotton. It typically has a patterned texture and a plaid design. Ideal for summer clothing.
|Marseille is a strong cotton fabric. It has a raised pattern and is used for bedspreads.
|Mesh is material that resembles a net due to a large number of closely-spaced holes. Typically made of nylon or polyester.
|Microfiber is a very fine synthetic yarn.
|Modal is a type of Rayon. It is a semi-synthetic fiber made out of tree or bamboo cellulose. Used alone or sometimes blended (often with cotton).
|Moleskin is a durable cotton fabric with a velvety nap. It is not made from moles.
|Monk's cloth is a heavy cloth made from cotton with a basket weave.
|Moquette is a synthetic fabric. It is thick and velvety and is normally used for carpets and soft upholstery.
|Muslin is a loose plain weave cotton fabric.
|Nankeen is a pale yellow cotton cloth.
|Neoprene is a synthetic alternative to rubber.
|Nylon is a synthetic polymer made from materials derived from petroleum.
|Oilcloth refers to a cloth treated on one side with a drying oil or synthetic resin.
|Organdie (or Organdy)
|Organidie is a sheer stiff muslin.
|Orlon is a brand name for first acrylic fibers created by DuPont.
|Percale is a closely-woven cotton fabric used to make bed covers.
|PET (or PETE)
|PET, or polyethylene terephthalate, is a plastic. When used in fashion is is normally called polyester.
|Pilot cloth is a heavy woolen material with a thicknap. Used for seamen's uniforms.
|Pique is a weaving style characterized by fine ribbing. Normally used with cotton yarn.
|Polar Fleece (or Polar Wool)
|Polar fleece is a highly-insulating fabric with a soft nap. Made from synthetics such as polyester.
|Polyester is category of synthetic fibers. The Most common is PET.
|Prima Loft is a brand of synthetic insulating materials developed for the US Army in the 1980s.
|Ramie is a natural fiber made from the stalks of the Chinese Nettle plant. It is similar to linen, and has been used for fabric for more than 5,000 years.
|Rayon is a semi-synthetic fiber made by chemically treating tree and bamboo cellulose.
|Sailcloth is any fabric used for boat sails. Could be cotton, nylon, or Dacron.
|Sateen is a cotton (or sometimes rayon) fabric with a satiny finish.
|Scrim is a lightweight woven fabric used in curtains, bookbinding, and upholstery. May also refer to a heavier reinforcement material used art, building, and canvas making. Made from cotton or flax.
|Seersucker is a light fabric normally made of cotton with alternating rough and smooth stripes.
|Silesia is a twilled cotton fabric used for pockets and linings.
|Spandex is an extremely stretch synthetic fiber used in the manufacture of elastic clothing.
|Tapa (or Tappa)
|Tapa is a paper-like cloth made in the South Pacific by pounding tapa bark.
|Tencel is a brand of lyocel and modal rayon fibers produced by Lenzing. It is a semi-synthetic fabric made from the natural cellulose found in wood pulp.
|Thinsulate is a brand of synthetic themally-insulating fiber used in clothing.
|Ultrasuede is a synthetic microfiber used as a substitute for suede leather.
|Velcro is a fastener for clothes consisting of two connecting sides, one with stiff hooks, the other softer loops. Both sides are made from nylon.
|Velour is a plush fabric made from cotton or polyester that resembles velvet. It can be produced cheaper than velvet and is vegan.
|Velveteen is a cotton fabric with a dense pile made to resemble velvet.
|Vinyl (or PVC)
|Vinyl, or PVC, is a plastic.
|Viscose is a type of rayon made using the viscose process. It is made from tree and bamboo cellulose and commonly used in fashion.
|Voile is a sheer fabric, usually made of either 100% cotton or cotton blended with linen or polyester. Used in curtain making.
|Vulcanized fiber is a tough laminated plastic made from cellulose.